S.362 and H.R.3692 (109th Congress): Marine Debris Research, Prevention, and Reduction Act

By Sheril Kirshenbaum

MEMORANDUM

From:  Sheril Kirshenbaum
Cc:
Date:
Re:  Marine Debris Research, Prevention, and Reduction Act

S. 362 and H.R. 3692 in the 109th Congress: Marine Debris Research, Prevention, and Reduction Act

Public Law December 2006

Bill

  • Establishes a Marine Debris Prevention and Removal Program to reduce and prevent the occurrence and adverse impacts of marine debris on the marine environment and navigation safety within the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration.
  • Requires NOAA
    • conduct mapping, impact assessment, prevention, and removal efforts focusing on marine debris posing a threat to living marine resources and navigation safety
    • improve efforts to reduce impacts of lost and discarded fishing gear on living marine resources and navigation safety
    • provide outreach and education on sources of, and threats associated with, marine debris
    • create guidelines for NOAA to provide grants for these programs.
  • Directs the Coast Guard
    • to reduce violations of and improve implementation of MARPOL Annex V (Annex V of the International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships, 1973) and the Act to Prevent Pollution from Ships
    • implement a plan to improve ship-board waste management
    • improve international cooperation to reduce marine debris
    • establish a voluntary reporting program for commercial vessel operators and recreational boaters
    • work with the National Research Council to submit to Congress, a report on the effectiveness of international and national measures to prevent and reduce marine debris and its impact.
  • Establishes an Interagency Marine Debris Coordinating Committee to coordinate a program of marine debris research and activities .
    • Directs the  Committee provide a biennial status update to Congress.
  • Directs NOAA and the Interagency Committee
    • to maintain a federal information clearinghouse on marine debris.
    • take steps to ensure confidentiality of such data
  • Prohibits anything superseding, or limiting the authority of the Secretary of the Interior under the Outer Continental Shelf Lands Act.
  • Authorizes appropriations for FY2006-FY2010
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