Magnuson-Stevens Fishery Conservation and Management Reauthorization Act of 2005

By Sheril Kirshenbaum

MEMORANDUM

From:  Sheril Kirshenbaum
Cc:
Date:
Re:  Magnuson-Stevens Fishery Conservation and Management Reauthorization Act of 2005

Magnuson-Stevens Fishery Conservation and Management Reauthorization Act

Background

  • January 12, 2007, the President signed the Magnuson-Stevens Fishery Conservation and Management Reauthorization Act of 2006 into law.
  • The Magnuson-Stevens Fishery Conservation and Management Act governs federal marine fishery management.
  • This bill strengthens the 1996 provisions and extends the Act until 2013.

Key Amendments and Provisions in the Bill

  • Fishery Management Councils must establish scientific and statistical committees (SSCs) that will help develop and evaluate scientific information for the development of fishery management plans.
  • By 2008, the Secretary of Commerce must report any financial conflicts of interest of the Councils and SSC members to Congress.
  • Fishery management plans must establish a way to specify annual catch limits at a level that prevents overfishing.
  • Councils may submit a limited access privilege program (LAPP) to the Secretary for approval.  The LAPPs must promote fishing safety, fishery conservation and management
  • Establish a Fisheries Conservation and Management Fund to improve fishery harvest data collection, cooperative fishery research and analysis, and development of new technologies.
  • Establish a regionally-based cooperative research and management program.
  • Establish a program to identify research on deep sea corals, map the locations of deep sea corals, monitor activity in deep sea coral habitats, conduct research on deep sea corals and survey methods, and develop technologies to assist fishermen to reduce the interactions of fishing gear with deep sea coral.
  • Promote improved monitoring and compliance for high seas fisheries or fisheries governed by international fishery management agreements by several means.
  • Take actions to improve the effectiveness of international fishery management.
  • Establish a bycatch reduction program.
  • Klamath Salmon Plan and study
  • Rebuild summer flounder
  • Study the state of the science for advancing the concepts and integration of ecosystem considerations in regional fishery management
  • Develop a training course for Council members
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